- 90.I Tribal Art and 90.II Contemporary Native American Art
- High-quality staff "mvwala"
High-quality staff "mvwala"
D. R. Congo, Yombe/ Bakongo
|Provenance||Size||Starting price / estimated price|
|Rob Vervoort, Molenstede-Diest, Belgium
Pierre Dartevelle, Brussels, Belgium
|H: 47.2 inch||15000 EUR / 30000 EUR|
wood, glass, iron, base According to the origin story of Kongo, nine staffs "mvwala" were required for ruling the original clans that made up the kindom. This staffs served as symbols of legitimate rule for a chief, linking him and his rule to the past, to the ancestors and to the earth. An iron tip at the base allowed the "mvwala" to be lodged in the soil thus ritually connecting the world of the living community and that of the dead. The "mvwala" was also used in judicial proceedings, and it played a role in funerary ritual in which the staff may represent the deceased.